From 1905 to 1907 the German empire fought a guerrilla war against the Herero, Nama, and other tribes of Namibia. Tens of thousands of people got pushed into the desert where many of them died. While officially recognised as a genocide by the German government in 2004, could this not have been the result of poor military planning and a miscalculation of what the native peoples would do when pushed to extremes? The deaths of so many people could have been an unfortunate effect of war and not a deliberate attempt at extermination. Here is a thought provoking video that runs 41 minutes.